Concrete roof adjustable angle solar mounting system

- Nov 12, 2018-

Method for manufacturing adjustable angle solar mounting system for concrete roof

The utility model discloses an adjustable angle solar mounting system suitable for a concrete roof. The system comprises a photovoltaic support structure with a column, the solar panel is arranged on the photovoltaic support structure, and the column is arranged on the reinforced concrete support pier.

 The main beam is disposed between the two columns, and the end of the main beam and the top of the column are connected by a sliding bearing, a plurality of secondary beams are laid on the main beam, and the solar panels are fixed on the plurality of secondary beams. The utility model fixes the column of the original photovoltaic installation system on the reinforced concrete pier on the roof, which can effectively reduce the load of the photovoltaic system roof installation, and the entire photovoltaic component installation system can manually adjust the angle according to the requirements of different seasons to increase the power generation.




 [Technical Field]

[0001] The utility model relates to an adjustable angle solar mounting system system suitable for a concrete roof. The installation system thereby effectively reduces the load of the roof installation of the photovoltaic system, and can adjust the angle according to the requirements of different seasons to increase the power generation.

【Background technique】

[0002] The population density in the eastern part of China is large, and the degree of industrial modernization is high. The demand for electric energy is much larger than that in the western region. The state encourages the development of distributed photovoltaic power plants on the roof. In the eastern region, there are a large number of industrial plant roofs that can be used as carriers for distributed solar photovoltaic power plants to reduce the occupation of land resources. There are many non-superior roofs in the concrete roof. The bearing capacity of the roof is 0.5KN/M2. The fixing method of the traditional cement load block will greatly increase the burden of the original roof constant load and cause safety hazards. Moreover, the lighting resources in the eastern region are inferior, generally belonging to the third and fourth types of light areas. The amount of power generation is directly related to the revenue of photovoltaic power plants. Most of the existing roofing power stations are solar panels installed at fixed angles. The quantity has a direct relationship with the installation angle. The incident angle of solar energy varies in different seasons. The PV modules are installed at a fixed inclination. The angle cannot be adjusted with the season, and the power generation cannot be increased in an appropriate amount. The traditional electric tracking bracket has high input cost, difficult maintenance in the later stage, high failure rate and poor economy.


[Content of the Invention]


[0003] The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, and to provide a variable angle photovoltaic installation system suitable for concrete roofing, which can effectively reduce the load on the roof of the photovoltaic system and increase the power generation.

The technical solution for achieving the object of the present invention is as follows:

[0005] A concrete roof adjustable angle photovoltaic installation system, the system comprising a photovoltaic support structure having a column, the solar panel being disposed on the photovoltaic support structure, wherein the column is disposed on a reinforced concrete branch On the pier, the main beam is disposed between the two columns, and the end of the main beam and the top of the column are connected by a sliding bearing, a plurality of secondary beams are laid on the main beam, and the solar panels are fixed on the plurality of secondary beams.

[0006] The reinforced concrete buttress is provided with an embedded bolt, and one end of the column is fixed on the reinforced concrete buttress by the pre-embedded bolt.

[0007] The end of the main beam is provided with a large gear, and the column is provided with a pinion shaft corresponding to the large gear of the end of the main beam, and the pinion shaft is mounted with a pinion gear that can only rotate radially, the pinion gear Engaged with the large gear, the large gear is provided with a bolt hole.

[0008] The secondary beam and the main beam are fixed by a hoop assembly.

[0009] There is a gap between adjacent solar panels to vent air and reduce the force of the wind load on the entire installation system.


[0010] A crank handle is disposed on the pinion gear.

[0011] The above-mentioned utility model is applicable to a concrete roof adjustable angle photovoltaic installation system, and the column of the original adjustable angle solar mounting system is fixed on a concrete pier with steel bars, the main beam is arranged at the top of the column, and the end of the main beam is between the column and the column. Rotate the connection. The secondary beam is laid on the main beam, the solar panel is fixed on the secondary beam, and a certain gap is left between the adjacent panels for venting the wind, reducing the force of the wind load on the entire installation system, and setting the column on the column by shaking The upper handle turns the PV module to the appropriate position. The entire PV module installation system can manually adjust the angle according to the requirements of different seasons to increase the power generation. The arrangement of the photovoltaic modules is horizontally arranged. According to the characteristics of the crystalline silicon components, the lateral occlusion of the shadows has a much smaller influence on the power generation than the vertical occlusion. In the morning and evening, only the lower part of the laterally arranged components are shaded, or There can be a certain amount of power generation, and at this level, the design of the present invention also increases the amount of power generation.

[Description of the Drawings]

1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a view taken along line A-A of Figure 1;

[0014] FIG. 3a, FIG. 3b, and FIG. 3c are respectively intended to be different angles between the solar panel and the column in the embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 4 is a partial enlarged view of 1 of Figure 1;

Figure 5 is a partial enlarged view of 2 of Figure 1;

Figure 6 is a partial enlarged view of 3 of Figure 1;

Figure 7 is a partial enlarged view of 4 in Figure 3c;

8 is a partially enlarged schematic view of 5 in FIG. 2.

[0020] Among them: 1-column, 2-solar panel, 3-reinforced concrete buttress, 4-main beam, 5-second beam, 6_bearing, 7-large gear, 8-pinion shaft, 9-small Gears, 10-shake, 11-roof, 12-positioning screw, 13-clamp assembly, 15-welded plate, 16-aluminum clamp.


【Detailed ways】

[0021] The following describes the specific embodiments of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments:

[0022] Please refer to FIG. 1 , FIG. 2 and FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 , the embodiment provides an adjustable angle photovoltaic installation system for concrete roofing, wherein the column 1 is disposed on the reinforced concrete buttress 3 on the roof 11 . The two ends of the main beam 4 are respectively fixed on the two columns 1. The end of the main beam 4 and the top of the column 1 are connected by a sliding bearing. The main beam 4 is laid with eight secondary beams 5 at equal intervals, and the solar panel 2 passes. The aluminum alloy compact 16 is fixed to the eight secondary beams 5. The last beam 5 is made of cold-formed thin-walled steel. There are approximately 2-3 cm gaps between adjacent solar panels 2 to reduce the wind load on the entire mounting system. The secondary beam 5 and the main beam 4 are fixed by a hoop assembly 13, as shown in FIG. The reinforced concrete buttress 3 is provided with an embedded bolt, and the bottom end of the column 1 is fixed to the reinforced concrete buttress 3 by the pre-embedded bolt.


[0023] At the position of the column 1, chemically planting the ribs, implanting the steel bars meeting the design requirements, tying the corresponding stirrups and fixing the embedded bolts, and then casting the reinforced concrete buttress 3 at this position. After the maintenance requirements are met, the second waterproof construction is carried out. The column 1 is fixed on the concrete cast-in-place reinforced concrete support pier 3 by means of pre-embedded bolts, and the cast-in-place concrete pier is embedded with bolts in the concrete pier, and the bottom end of the column 1 is fixed to the cast-in-place by the embedded bolt On the concrete pier, the photovoltaic support structure is arranged on the top, which avoids placing cement compacts on the roof panel and directly transfers the photovoltaic system load to the column 1, thereby increasing the safety of the structure. The cast-in-place concrete pier is convenient for secondary waterproofing, avoiding the leakage of the roof caused by the planting reinforcement. As shown in Figure 5.


[0024] Further, the end of the main beam 4 is a circular tube shaft, and is fixed to the top end of the column 1 through a Μ0Μ acetal plastic bearing 6, so that the main beam 4 can rotate around the column 1. A large gear 7 is disposed at a shaft end of the main beam 4, and the column 1 is provided with a pinion shaft 8 corresponding to the large gear 7 at the end of the main beam 4, and the pinion shaft 8 is mounted with a small radial rotation. A gear 9, which meshes with the large gear 7, is provided with a crank 10. As shown in Figure 4.

[0025] A bolt hole 11 is opened on the panel of the large gear 7 at a position where the mounting angle of the solar panel 2 is required. According to the orientation requirements of the photovoltaic modules in different seasons, the handle 10 is rocked, the solar panel 2 is turned to the corresponding position, the positioning bolt 12 is passed through the bolt hole on the web of the large gear 7 and the bolt on the welded plate 15 of the column 1 Hole, lock the positioning bolt. 3a, 3b, and 3c show embodiments in which the solar panel 2 and the column 1 are at an angle of 30, 60, and 45, respectively.


[sovereign item]

  1. A variable angle photovoltaic installation system suitable for concrete roofing, the system comprising a photovoltaic support structure having a column, the solar panel being disposed on the photovoltaic support structure, wherein the column is disposed on a reinforced concrete buttress The main beam is disposed between the two columns, and the end of the main beam and the top of the column are connected by a sliding bearing. The main beam is provided with a plurality of secondary beams, and the solar panels are fixed on the plurality of secondary beams.


  2. The adjustable angle solar mounting system for concrete roof according to claim 1 , wherein the reinforced concrete buttress is provided with an embedded bolt, and one end of the column is fixed by the embedded bolt. The reinforced concrete buttress. 3 . The adjustable angle photovoltaic installation system for concrete roof according to claim 1 , wherein a large gear is arranged at an end of the main beam, and a corresponding position of the large gear of the end of the main beam and the main beam is small. 3 . a gear shaft on which a pinion gear that can rotate only radially is mounted, the pinion gear meshes with the large gear wheel, and the large gear wheel is provided with a bolt hole. 4. The adjustable angle photovoltaic installation system for concrete roofing according to claim 1, wherein the secondary beam and the main beam are fixed by a hoop assembly. The adjustable angle photovoltaic installation system for concrete roof according to claim 3, wherein the pinion gear is provided with a rocking handle.